Carbon Fiber has the highest compressive strength of ALL the reinforcing materials. The properties of carbon fibers, such as high stiffness, high tensile strength,
low weight, high chemical resistance, high temperature tolerance and low thermal expansion, make them very popular in aerospace, civil engineering, military, and motor sports,
along with other competition sports. However, they are relatively expensive when compared to similar fibers, such as glass fibers or plastic fibers.
In the manufacturing process of Carbon Fiber Pools factories are using Corrosive Resistant Vinyl Ester Resin mixed with hand-laid chopped fiberglass for impact resistance and
blister protection. As a reference Vinyl Ester Resin is a high performance resin that provides improved strength properties and inhibits water penetration into the laminate, which
is commonly referred to as osmosis. Carbon Fiber core layer is sandwiched between Corrosive Resistant Vinyl Ester Resin and Corrosion Barrier with hand-laid chopped fiberglass for
enhanced durability. The Sealer Layer is a final laminate heavily sprayed on the pool to create an extra resilience.
The high potential strength of carbon fiber was realized in 1963 in a process developed by W. Watt, L. N. Phillips, and W. Johnson at the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough,
Hampshire. The process was patented by the UK Ministry of Defense then licensed by the National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) to three British companies: Rolls-Royce,
already making carbon fiber; Morganite; and Courtaulds. They were able to establish industrial carbon fiber production facilities within a few years, and Rolls-Royce took advantage
of the new material's properties to break into the American market with its RB-211 aero-engine.
Carbon fibers are usually combined with other materials to form a composite. When combined with a plastic resin and wound or molded it forms carbon fiber reinforced polymer
(often referred to as carbon fiber) which has a very high strength-to-weight ratio, and is extremely rigid although somewhat brittle
The global demand on carbon fiber composites was valued at roughly US$10.8 billion in 2009, which declined 8–10% from the previous year. It is expected to reach US$18.6 billion by 2015
with an annual growth rate of 7% or more. Strongest demands come from aircraft & aerospace, wind energy, as well as from the automotive industry with optimized resin systems.